Venha conhecer. Consulte as condições através dos nossos contatos.

Venha conhecer. Consulte as condições através dos nossos contatos.

Venha conhecer. Consulte as condições através dos nossos contatos.

Universidade de Coimbra

The University of Coimbra it's one of the oldest universities in operation in the world and the oldest in Portugal.

Its history dates back after the foundation of the Portuguese nation. It was created in 1290, specifically on March 1, when King Dinis I signed in Leiria the document Scientiae thesaurus mirabilis, who created the university, which was intermediated and confirmed by the Pope.

On June 22, 2013 was classified as World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

The university initially installed in the current zone of Largo do Carmo in Lisbon was transferred to Coimbra, to the Royal Palace of the Alcáçova, in 1308. In 1338 returned to Lisbon, where remained until 1354, after that, returned to Coimbra. It was in Coimbra until 1377, anf then returned again to Lisbon in that year.

Remained in Lisbon until 1537 when was, finally, transferred to Coimbra by order of D. João III.

The University of Coimbra has approximately 20,000 students, including one of the largest communities of international students in Portugal, turning it in a cosmopolitan university.

It's the member-creator called Coimbra Group, a network of European universities which aimed to an academic collaboration between them.

The university received its first statutes in 1309 with the Magna Charta name privilegiorum. The second statutes were granted in 1431, during the reign of King D.João I, with provisions on the frequencies, exams, degrees, tuition and even on the academic costume. In 1503, During the reign of King Manuel I, the University received its third statutes, this time with consideration of the rector, disciplines, salaries of teachers, academic tests and ceremony of solemn act of PhD's.

Since the reign of King Manuel I, all the Kings of Portugal have been given the title of 'Protector' of the University, with that, they could elect teachers and issue statutes.

The royal power, more centralized in King D.João II reign, created a dependency of the university from the state and politics, by the preponderance of legal studies established in Portugal on that time.

On December 27, 1559, in the reign of King D.Sebastião, Baltazar de Faria made the delivery of the forth statutes, which it was determined that the president should be elected by the Cloister, this provision was not always enforced by the royal power. On November 1, had been solemnly open the University of Évora, which was delivered to the Jesuits.

In 1591, from Madrid came the Sixth statutes (the fifth were left out and never entered into force) and were presented at the Cloister in the following year. It was determined that the University should indicate three names for the Rector's office, choosing the king from one of them.

In the reign of King D.João V, João Frederico Ludovice have made "the risk" to the Tower of the University of Coimbra and the Library portal.

In the reign of D.José I, the University suffered a profound change. On June 28, 1772 the King ratified the new statutes (Pombaline Statutes), that marked the beginning of the Reformation. This manifested  a great interest in the natural sciences and the rigor of science, which were so far away of university education.

 

In 1911, the University receives new statutes in order to create a certain administrative and financial autonomy and also created a scholarship scheme to increase the number of students in higher education.

In 1942 took place the biggest change in recent history of the University, when much of the residential area of Upper Coimbra was demolished to make way for the monumental complex of modern University, previously housed in the real old palace with some scattered elements over the city. This major work from the architects Cottinelli Telmo and Cristino da Silva would be completed in 1969.

In 1989 were published the statutes that are currently in force.

During more than seven centuries of existence, the University today is a referenced institution, it has grown, firstly throughout High Coimbra and then over the city, currently, is linked to science and technology and to the dissemination of Portuguese culture in the world.

What to see at the University of Coimbra:

 

The Sala dos Capelos or Great Room of Acts, is the main room of the University of Coimbra and where they carry out the main academic ceremonies. This name, Sala dos Capelos, is given to the ornamental cover used by the University Doctors on solemn occasions. It was here, on the old Throne Room of the Royal Palace, which between March and April 1383 that was acclaimed D. João, Master of Avis, King of Portugal.

 

 

The Private Examination Room, whose current renovated disposition dates back to 1701, was the place where students held their exams to become Doctors. This consisted on a private oral exam, made in secret and at night. Its demand was such important that its memory has remained after its end, with Pombal's Reform, in the 70's of XVIII century.

 

 

 

The Hall of Weapons houses the weapons (halberds) of the former Academic Royal Guard, used by Halberdiers only in solemn academic ceremonies - solemn and Doctorates Honoris cause, the Rector Investiture and Solemn opening of classes.

 

 

 

Capela de S. Miguel

The original chapel probably dates back to the sixth century, after the conquest of the city from the Moors in 1064.

The current configuration is a renovation of the XVI century sponsored by King Manuel I, whose decorative style can be seen on the side portal, one of the most simple and beautiful of its kind.

The interior decoration was carried out over the XVII and XVIII centuries.

 

 

Biblioteca Joanina

The House Library, built between 1717 and 1728, is one of the exponents of the Portuguese Baroque and one of the richest European libraries. The masters Manuel da Silva, Simões Ribeiro and Vicente Nunes contributed to its decoration. The author of the project it's unknown, but it's known its performer, Gaspar Ferreira.

It will be known as Biblioteca Joanina in honor and memory of King D.João V (1707-1750), who sponsored the construction and whose portrait, created by Domenico Duprà (1725), dominates, categorically, the space.

The Library received the first books after 1750 and, currently, its collection is composed with about 55,000 books.

 

 

Prisão Académica

The University of Coimbra had juridicial autonomy since 1541. Everyone that was connected to the institution was subordinated to the "Academic Law", enshrined in its statutes since 1591. This autonomy enabled the University to have a Judge, a Guard and a Prison.

The Academic Prison worked initially in two rooms in the Sala dos Capelos in 1559. In 1773 it was transferred to the building of the Biblioteca Joanina which saw corporated and recovered the remains of what was the old prison of the Royal Palace and documented the single chain medieval that still exists in Portugal.

 

 

Torre da Universidade

The tower, with 33.5 meters high, is the hallmark of the University and the city of Coimbra. Designed by the Italian architect Antonio Cannevari, was built between 1728 and 1733, replacing the tower that Jean de Rouen erected in 1561.

The University Tower suffered recently an intervention on its structure that allows visitors to travel to its top and enjoy a rich and unique view over the city of Coimbra - for safety reasons is forbidden to enter in the tower children under 12 years and when is bad weather conditions.

 

 

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There is much more to see. Have your seat with us.

This tour includes: Visit to University of Coimbra (to Paço Real das Escolas, to Capela de S.Miguel, to Biblioteca Joanina, to Sala dos Capelos, to Sala do Exame Privado, to Sala das Armas and also to Prisão Académica)

(Duration: Approximately 3 hours)

37,50 €

25,00 €

20,00 €

17,50 €

15,75 €

Come with us to visit this magnificent monument in high Coimbra. Exclusive transport and private guide in english, portuguese and spanish.